Bed bugs hide in tight spaces, such as fractures in boards and bed frames, behind picture frames and walls, under mattresses, carpets, furniture and in beds. When seen close up, bed bugs have white, light-tan to a thorough brown or burnt orange color. Others appear reddish-brown, flattened, oval and wingless. The life span of bed bugs varies in species and they are dependent on feeding from their hosts. They intuitively seek shelter in dark fractures and they divided up when disturbed from their colony. Bed bugs are known to be a growing problem within all types of abodes, including private homes, hotels, dormitories, cruise ships, barracks, and shelters.
Bedbugs originate from eggs. The egg’s size is around 1mm long and lived within 2-7 days. When the egg hatches, it becomes a bedbug larvae and known as a maggot. The maggot undergoes nymphal phases that will slightly last from 32 to 45 days at which point it becomes mature. A mature bedbug takes about 7 months before it can lay its own eggs which are estimated to be between 300 to 500 eggs. Bedbugs develop from egg to adult via a course of action called “gradual metamorphosis.” Gradual metamorphosis method that the last larval stage develops directly into an adult without passing by a non-feeding pupal stage. There are five larval or nymphal stages, and each one requires a blood meal before molting into the next life cycle stage. Both adult male and female bedbugs satisfy on blood and take repeated blood meals during their lives. Females require blood for the development of eggs. Adult bedbugs are about ¼ inch long. Their body is very flat and they possess long, slender legs and antennae. Immature bed bugs are known either as “larvae” or “nymphs.” They closely resemble adults, but are smaller and less deeply pigmented. At this kind of reproduction, bedbugs can populate and infest different types of abodes.
Eliminating bedbugs can mainly be controlled by good sanitation and frequent cleaning, such as regular housecleaning and washing of bedding. As bedbugs are found worldwide, travelers should also be watchful for signs of infestation of bed bugs in different places.